Electric vehicles (EVs) are vehicles that propulsion is provided by electric motors. EVs feature zero tailpipe emissions and use an onboard electricity storage device as a source of energy. Modern EVs convert electrical energy from the storage system to the wheels with a conversion efficiency of 59-62 percent.
EVs have a range of 60-400 kilometers before they need to be recharged. The typical recharge time is 4 to 8 hours depending on the battery design, but can be faster thanks to a supercharger: charging half the battery in 20 minutes. The efficiency of electric motors is superior to that of internal combustion engines and is improved further by integrating new technologies such as regenerative braking and active suspension.